The term Scandinavia
stems from the Romans via the continental Germanic tribes, who used it to describe the areas north of their own lands. It is based on the proto-Germanic skadinaujo, which may refer to the goddess Skadi, to a construction meaning “dangerous coasts” (skadin ~ English scathe), or possibly to the area of Skane in Sweden.
- Lars S. Vikor, “Scandinavia vs. Norden,” in Scandinavian Review Vol. 92:1, Summer 2004